org.apache.commons.math4.distribution

## Class ConstantRealDistribution

• All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, RealDistribution

public class ConstantRealDistribution
extends AbstractRealDistribution
Implementation of the constant real distribution.
Since:
3.4
Serialized Form

• ### Nested classes/interfaces inherited from interface org.apache.commons.math4.distribution.RealDistribution

RealDistribution.Sampler

• ### Fields inherited from class org.apache.commons.math4.distribution.AbstractRealDistribution

SOLVER_DEFAULT_ABSOLUTE_ACCURACY
• ### Constructor Summary

Constructors
Constructor and Description
ConstantRealDistribution(double value)
Create a constant real distribution with the given value.
• ### Method Summary

All Methods
Modifier and Type Method and Description
RealDistribution.Sampler createSampler(org.apache.commons.rng.UniformRandomProvider rng)
Creates a sampler.
double cumulativeProbability(double x)
For a random variable X whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns P(X <= x).
double density(double x)
Returns the probability density function (PDF) of this distribution evaluated at the specified point x.
double getNumericalMean()
Use this method to get the numerical value of the mean of this distribution.
double getNumericalVariance()
Use this method to get the numerical value of the variance of this distribution.
double getSupportLowerBound()
Access the lower bound of the support.
double getSupportUpperBound()
Access the upper bound of the support.
double inverseCumulativeProbability(double p)
Computes the quantile function of this distribution.
boolean isSupportConnected()
Use this method to get information about whether the support is connected, i.e.
• ### Methods inherited from class org.apache.commons.math4.distribution.AbstractRealDistribution

getSolverAbsoluteAccuracy, logDensity, probability, probability, sample
• ### Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object

clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
• ### Constructor Detail

• #### ConstantRealDistribution

public ConstantRealDistribution(double value)
Create a constant real distribution with the given value.
Parameters:
value - the constant value of this distribution
• ### Method Detail

• #### density

public double density(double x)
Returns the probability density function (PDF) of this distribution evaluated at the specified point x. In general, the PDF is the derivative of the CDF. If the derivative does not exist at x, then an appropriate replacement should be returned, e.g. Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY, Double.NaN, or the limit inferior or limit superior of the difference quotient.
Parameters:
x - the point at which the PDF is evaluated
Returns:
the value of the probability density function at point x
• #### cumulativeProbability

public double cumulativeProbability(double x)
For a random variable X whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns P(X <= x). In other words, this method represents the (cumulative) distribution function (CDF) for this distribution.
Parameters:
x - the point at which the CDF is evaluated
Returns:
the probability that a random variable with this distribution takes a value less than or equal to x
• #### inverseCumulativeProbability

public double inverseCumulativeProbability(double p)
throws OutOfRangeException
Computes the quantile function of this distribution. For a random variable X distributed according to this distribution, the returned value is
• inf{x in R | P(X<=x) >= p} for 0 < p <= 1,
• inf{x in R | P(X<=x) > 0} for p = 0.
The default implementation returns
Specified by:
inverseCumulativeProbability in interface RealDistribution
Overrides:
inverseCumulativeProbability in class AbstractRealDistribution
Parameters:
p - the cumulative probability
Returns:
the smallest p-quantile of this distribution (largest 0-quantile for p = 0)
Throws:
OutOfRangeException - if p < 0 or p > 1
• #### getNumericalMean

public double getNumericalMean()
Use this method to get the numerical value of the mean of this distribution.
Returns:
the mean or Double.NaN if it is not defined
• #### getNumericalVariance

public double getNumericalVariance()
Use this method to get the numerical value of the variance of this distribution.
Returns:
the variance (possibly Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY as for certain cases in TDistribution) or Double.NaN if it is not defined
• #### getSupportLowerBound

public double getSupportLowerBound()
Access the lower bound of the support. This method must return the same value as inverseCumulativeProbability(0). In other words, this method must return

inf {x in R | P(X <= x) > 0}.

Returns:
lower bound of the support (might be Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY)
• #### getSupportUpperBound

public double getSupportUpperBound()
Access the upper bound of the support. This method must return the same value as inverseCumulativeProbability(1). In other words, this method must return

inf {x in R | P(X <= x) = 1}.

Returns:
upper bound of the support (might be Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY)
• #### isSupportConnected

public boolean isSupportConnected()
Use this method to get information about whether the support is connected, i.e. whether all values between the lower and upper bound of the support are included in the support.
Returns:
whether the support is connected or not
• #### createSampler

public RealDistribution.Sampler createSampler(org.apache.commons.rng.UniformRandomProvider rng)
Creates a sampler.
Specified by:
createSampler in interface RealDistribution
Overrides:
createSampler in class AbstractRealDistribution
Parameters:
rng - Not used: distribution contains a single value.
Returns:
the value of the distribution.